Bloomington is a diverse city in south central Indiana. Located about 50 miles southwest of Indianapolis, it is the county seat of Monroe County. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the city had a total population of 69,291. Bloomington is the 7th largest city in Indiana.
Bloomington is the home of Indiana University's main campus (established in 1820) attended by about 40,000 students and the largest and original campus of the Indiana University system. It is also the home of the Kinsey Institute.
Bloomington's Indiana University campus is regarded one of the most beautiful university campuses in the U.S. In 1991, Thomas Gaines, a landscape artist, published a book, The Campus As a Work of Art, and in it he named the Bloomington campus one of the five most beautiful campuses in America. Most of the campus buildings are built of Indiana limestone. Bloomington has been named a Tree City for more than 20 years.
The city was the site of the Academy Award-winning movie Breaking Away, featuring the annual IU bicycle race Little 500.
Bloomington is located at 39°9'44" North, 86°31'45" West (39.162147, -86.529045).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 51.6 km2 (19.9 mi2). 51.1 km2 (19.7 mi2) of it is land and 0.5 km2 (0.2 mi2) of it is water. The total area is 1.00% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 69,291 people, 26,468 households, and 10,454 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,356.0/km2 (3,511.1/mi2). There are 28,400 housing units at an average density of 555.8/km2 (1,439.1/mi2). The racial makeup of the city is 87.03% White, 4.24% African American, 0.29% Native American, 5.26% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races, and 2.01% from two or more races. 2.49% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the households 17.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.2% are married couples living together, 7.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 60.5% are non-families. 39.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.09 and the average family size is 2.76.
In the city the population is spread out with 12.7% under the age of 18, 42.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 12.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 23 years. For every 100 females there are 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $25,377, and the median income for a family is $50,054. Males have a median income of $32,470 compared to $26,100 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,481. 29.6% of the population and 10.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 17.3% of those under the age of 18 and 7.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.